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Hachidaijigoku The (Hachidaijigoku), Hell is that the eight forms of. It is also called eight heat hell . It is said that there is another Hakkan Hell, but it usually means "Hachietsu Hell". The structure of hell will be described later.
Aspects of hell are described in 8 and 11 of Kukasha theory, 16 of Ochi degree theory, and 12 of Kenshu theory. It is also recorded in the book of the spiritual works of Keishin Monk Gengenbu .
The type of hell and its location vary depending on the scripture, but various hells are preached, such as eight hells, one hundred thirty-six hells, and sixty-four thousand hells.
The theory of club theory
After the end of the squatters, there is a murmuring hell at the bottom, after about 40,000 seasons , and its height, width, and depth are 20,000 seasons each. It is said that there are seven hells from the bottom in the 19,000 seasons, from the bottom to the top, the fever, the fever, the big shout, the shout, the sogo, the black rope, and the like.
These are collectively called the eight major (eight fever) hells. Each of these hells has its own nature, and the lives of sentient beings are also different.
It is also said that there is Hachikan Hell around or beside Hachietsu Hell.
The theory of Nagaaki
The Jiaogonkyo is a scripture of primitive Buddhism, according to which hell is roughly divided into eight hot hells and ten hells, and all the small hells that accompany the eight hot hells are common 16 types. There is.
Tetsusen, which surrounds the outermost part of the Sumiyama world (the whole universe including the human world in Buddhism) like a ring , is a double structure of inner and outer, between which hell and enma There is a royal palace. In other words, unlike the current myth, hell = the underground world, it is at the so-called "end of the world."
In the dark world, where the sun and the moon do not reach, between the Nikko Teiyama Mountains, a large wind called Monk is constantly blowing. This wind has the power to blow everything down and shatter if it blows into the human world, and is accompanied by super-heated flames and odors. If you compare it to the thing of the human world, it seems that a bomb blast such as a large bomb, a flame, a shock wave is appropriate as an image.
Unlike today, the eight hot hells are not arranged in a hierarchy, but they are arranged around the world with the ten hells. The names are, in order from the first hell, (1) Sou Hell, (2) Kuronawa Hell, (3) Consolidation Hell, (4) Screaming Hell, (5) Great Screaming Hell, (6) Burning ) Hell, (7) Daishosha hell, (8) Mugen hell. It is thought that Sou Hell corresponds to the present isokin hell, and broiled and large baked Hell corresponds to scorched and large scorched hell, but the details are unknown.
Unlike the current theory, the small hell that accompanies the eight hot hells also has 16 types common to all hells. Its names are (1) Kurosa, (2) Fushi, (3) Gohyakucho, (4) Hunger, (5) Thirst. , (6) Ichifu pot, (7) Tadafu pot, (8) Ishima (Sekima), (9) Nose blood, (10) Fire (Ryoka), (11) Haiga, (12) Tetsumaru, (13) Municipal ax, (14) Sairo, (15) Sword Tree (Kenju), (16) Cold ice (Kanpy）), although the specific content is not transmitted, it seems that the name can be imagined to some extent.
There are also ten hells, apart from them, whose names are (1) Atsumo (Kouun), (2) Mukunou (Muuun), (3) Pak, (4) Pak , (5) Youmei, (6) Sukendai, (7) Uhatsura, (8) Custody head, (9) (10) It is unknown what the conditions of falling, such as the weight of sin, and the contents of hell, are in Hadoma.
There are sixteen small hells that accompany the eight hot hells, and each type is listed. There are four gates on each of the four sides of the eight hot hells, and four small hells outside of the gates, which are collectively referred to as 16 small hells (16 yuyu hells, four gate hells, and vice hell). If you combine it with Hachietsu hell, you will have 136 hells. Small hell is a small hell where the dead (sentients) of the central hot hell get lost and those who fall into the central hell meet even more detailed conditions, such as those who have killed. In the case of, there are small hells with conditions such as "the one who killed birds and deer" and "the one who killed themselves without permission".
In the case of the Four Gates Hell, one of the aliases of the sixteen small hells, there are only four types of small hells, and all the types are lined up for each gate, and there are fourteen 16 × 4 × 4 There is. The contents are
- "Touzo" walks through the ashes that sink into your knees
- "Shifunzo" is submerged in a manure and muddy river and eaten by nest-eating insects there
- A road where countless swords stand with their blades, a sword blade path, a forest with blades, a sword leaf forest, a tree with countless swords can be climbed up and down. (Hojin elephant) "
- "Rekezou" dropped into a river of boiling ash water
It is said that.
It is said that there are 16 small hells in each of the Hachikan hells, but the details have not been transmitted.
Eight heat hell and corresponding sin
Has the alias of hell. It is taught that those who neglect the lives of living creatures fall into this hell, and those who kill the worms of Kera, Ali, Mosquitoes (mosquitoes), and ア ブ (abs) must fall to this hell unless they repent. . It is also said that those who liked the fight before life and those who died in the rebellion will fall here.
It is located under the ground of Yanfu Temple (the world of the earth, the human world), about 1,000 times. There are about 10,000 seasons in vertical and wide areas. It is said that the members of the public are embarrassed and kill each other with their own iron claws and swords. Those who are not will be cut off, crushed, and die by prisoners, but will be blown by the cool breeze, and the voices of the prisoners, "live, live," will be repeatedly tormented to return to their original bodies. It is called equal activity. However, the phenomenon of "the body regenerates immediately after death and the torment is repeated many times" is common to other eight hells and small hells.
The life of the people in this hell is 500 years. However, instead of the usual 500 years, if the 50th year of the human world is assumed to be the day and night of the Fourth Heavenly King (the Four Great Kings ), 500 years is the day and night of the isoactive hell. If you convert it to human time, you will suffer for 166,531,532 million years (calculated as 365 days a year, and so on). However, some people die in the middle without waiting. There are also discriminations in the sentient beings there, and there are also discriminations in their lives. Depending on the nature of the work, depending on the severity of the work, you can receive it only in one place of hell, or in two, three, four, five, six, and finally sixteen places, until you have done bad work receive. It is not clear whether this one place or two places is going around the 16 small hells in turn or a break in time.
For more information about the content of the sixteen small hells , please see the sixteen small hells .
Black rope hell
Killing, stealing .
It is said that those who repeatedly steal by killing them and then stealing them fall into this hell.
It is located beneath the Hokusei Hell, and has the same vertical and horizontal dimensions as the Hokusei Hell (the same applies to the Great Burning Hell). The jail arrested the sinner and fell down on the hot-burnt iron ground, hit the ink rope on his body with the same hot-burning rope, and cut it again along the mark with the hot-burnt iron ax or saw. Tear, scrape. There are also large iron piles on the left and right. Set up an iron sword on a mountain, put on an iron rope, and let the sinners carry the iron mountain and cross over the rope. Then the sinner falls off the rope and breaks, or he is pushed down by the iron sword and boiled. This suffering is ten times greater than that of the previous isohell. One hundred years of the human world is one day and one night in the second of the six heavens . Its lifetime is 1000 years old. With this heavenly life of 1,000 years a day, the lives of the people in this second Kuronawa hell are 1,000 years. In human time, it amounts to 13.322.5 trillion years.
There must be 16 small hells here, but only three types of names are known in the "Shoshinensho". For more information, see 16 Kogoku Hell #Kurowana Hell .
Shugou, Shugou Hell
Killing, stealing, evil .
It has the alias of consolidation hell. The one who has done the nasty deeds in addition to the first two falls.
It is located under the Kuro rope hell and suffers ten times as much. Many sinners suffer from opposing mountain peaks collapsing from both sides and being oppressed. A beautiful woman seduces and invites on a forest tree with a sword leaf, and when a sinner climbs, a beautiful woman appears under the tree, and blood flows from the sinner's body every time it rises and descends. Stepped on by an iron giant elephant and crushed.
A human being of 200 years is the day and night of the third night sky , and 2000 years of this hell is one day and one night, and the life in this hell is 2,000 years old. This is equivalent to 106.580 billion years in human world time.
For more information on the content of the Sixteen Hell , see the Sixteen Hell #Zougo Hell .
Killing, stealing, evil, drinking .
There is an item called "drinking", but those who just drink or buy or sell do not fall into this hell. Poisoning alcohol and killing people, or letting others drink alcohol and perform wrongdoing, are also conditions for falling into shouting hell.
It is located under general hell and suffers ten times as much. She is put into a cauldron of boiling water or an iron chamber with a fiery fire, and cry and shouts. When he hears his cry, begging for forgiveness and pleading, he gets even more angry and blame the sinner more and more. His head is golden and his eyes erupt with fire. A giant prisoner dressed in red pursues the sinner and shoots with a bow and arrow. He is run on the burnt iron ground and crushed with iron bars.
The 400-year-old human is assumed to be the fourth helmet heaven every day. The life in this hell is 4,000 years, assuming the helmet's 4,000 years as a night. This is 852.464 trillion years of human time.
For more information on the content of the Sixteen Hell , see the Sixteen Hell # Screaming Hell .
Big shout (hell)
Killing, stealing, evil, drinking, and delusions (lie) .
It is located under the shouting hell and suffers ten times as much. The pots and pots used in the shouting hell are used, and they receive even greater pain and shout.
The 800-year-old human is said to have a 8000-year-old longevity as the fifth night of the fifth chemical Rakuten . The life in this hell is 8,000 years old, with that 8,000 years old as one day. This equates to 682.1 trillion years in human time.
There are 18 different names in this great shouting hell. The reason is unknown. For the contents, please refer to 16 Small Hell # Great Shouting Hell .
Burning heat hell / Flame heat hell
Killing, stealing, filthy, drinking, paranoid, and evil (preach and practice ideas that are incompatible with the teachings of Buddhism) .
It is located under the shouting hell and suffers 10 times as much. Always burned and burned with extreme heat. On a hot red iron plate and stabbed on an iron skewer, some are broken down into eyes, nose, mouth, limbs, etc., and each is burned with flame. Compared to the fire of this burning hell, the fire of the previous hell was so cold that it felt like snow.Even if you brought the fire of the burning hell of beans to the ground, everything on the ground was instantly burned. It will be exhausted.
1600-year-old human world, the other of universal heaven as one day overnight, which is the Kotobuki 16,000 years old. That 16,000 year old, one night a day, life in this hell is 16,000 years old. This is equivalent to 4568 trillion 960 billion years in Tokyo.
For the contents of the small hell, see 16 small hell # The burning hell .
Hell of Great Heat (Dainetsu) Hell
Killing, stealing, wickedness, drinking, delusional words, evil intellect, and guilty guardians (rape to nuns and girls) .
Located beneath the burning hell, he suffers ten times more than all the sufferings of the previous six hells. In addition, it is baked by further extreme heat and burns. It is said that the flame has a maximum height of 500 seasons and a width of 200 seasons. The voice of the sinner's suffering can be heard 3000 places away from hell. Sinners who fall into this hell suffer the same suffering as hell three days before their deaths and in their middle stage (waiting for reincarnation).
The life in hell is 32,000 years old, with 32,000 years of age in the human world assuming 32,000 years of age per day, and 32,000 years of age per day. In addition, this period semi- middle-ko also called.
For the contents of the small hell, see 16 Small Hell #Large Burning Hell .
Abi Hell / Mugen Hell
Killing, robberies, adultery, drinking, delusion, evil opinions, offenders, parents, Arahant (holy) killing .
Located at the bottom of hell. The size is larger than the previous seven hells, and the height and width are each around 20,000 (some say it is around 80,000). It is said that it will take 2000 years  to reach this hell, heading upside down (at free fall speed) because of the lowest level . It is said that there is a thousand times the suffering of the Oana-no-Hell as one minute with the previous seven great hells and all the other sufferings. Suffering from sword trees, sword mountains, hot water, etc. without interruption (several minutes, moments). Around 4 years tall, there is a bizarre demon with 64 eyes and burning fire. He is pulled out of his tongue and beaten with 100 nails, blamed by poisonous and fire-fighting insects and large snakes, and up and down the mountain of hot iron. Even the seven hells so far are said to be dreamy happiness compared to this infinite hell.
The life in hell is 64,000 years old, with 64,000 years of age in the human world assuming 6400 years of age per day, or 349,243,344 billion years in human world time. In addition, this period is also called “ Ichikan” .
An explanation for the length of this camp is, "This lifeless independence has reduced lifespan in 100 years, and the more the lifespan has been reduced in 100 years, the less it will decrease at 10 years of life. also increase the Kazutoshi to 100 years from the age of 10, also to the extent that increase the Kazutoshi in 100 years, the extent of one year. this one rose that Ichizo the Zosuru to 80,000-year-old microglia as, the increase or decrease of 20 There is also an expression such as "Ichinaka", which is 349,243,344,400 billion years in terms of the human world (assuming one year is 365 days).
In addition, according to one estimate, life in this hell, a 80,000-year-old in the case of the 8000-year-old human world and one day overnight is also said to be 80,000 years old as overnight one day  , in this case the time of the human world is 682 This is equivalent to 1120 trillion years of Kyoto. In any case, those who have fallen into this hell have to rest, for the longest, in drowsy years, in the greatest suffering that human beings can hardly imagine.
Another metaphor that represents the length of the mid-day is that `` a huge square stone, one height and one width , is lightly wiped once every 100 years with a soft cotton cloth. Toka is a time until completely disappeared "worn down," aspect height each one Yojana in a huge castle of poppy grain went taken out and jammed tightly, the poppy grains from the one by one grain in 100 years It is the time until poppy grains in the castle completely disappear. " It is said that those who have fallen into this hell have lived in the hell for a long time and suffered so much.
For the contents of the small hell, see 16 small hell #No Hell .
Hachikan Jigoku (Reference)
The names of Hachikan Jigoku are as follows.
- Abda Hell Arbuda
- The first of Hachikan hell. Goosebumps appear in the cold, causing pock in the body . The origin of the word "abata" itself is derived from the word "abuda" (Fujii Masao, Quick Reference to Buddhism, Nihon Bungeisha 1997 p.254.).
- Nirarbuda Hell Nirarbuda
- The second of Hachikan Hell. Goosebumps are crushed and the whole body is broken.
- 地 Atata Hell Atata
- The third of Hachikan Hell. The origin of the name is that the cold screams "warm". The same applies to "Tora-Torabo" below.
- Hahava Hell
- The fourth of Hachikan Hell. The tongue is so entangled by the cold that it only moves and says "hahaba" .
- The fifth of Hachikan hell. Mouth does not open so much in the cold, and only the voice of "Fufuba" comes out.
- 嗢 Ubara, the hell of Ubara
- The sixth of Hachikan hell. The whole body cracks due to frostbite and turns up like a blue lotus.
- Hado Toma Hell Padma
- The seventh of Hachikan Jigoku, which is also called "Guren Jigoku". Hadoma is a Sanskrit transcription of Lotus . Those who fall here are said to have severe cold and rupture their skin and bleed, resembling a red lotus flower.
- Mahakapadma Hell Mahapadma
- The eighth of Hakkan Jigoku, which is also called "Daiguri Hell". The most expansive in Hachikan hell. Maka is a transcription of Sanskrit, meaning large . Those who fall here say that the body breaks and bleeds due to the cold above Guren Hell , resembling a red lotus flower.
- ^ Assuming the same gravitational acceleration as the Earth (9.80665m / s) without considering leap years, leap seconds and terminal speeds, it will fall for 63,072 million seconds, so it will reach 61,852,5028.8km / s when it reaches. . The fall distance is about 2 million light years.
- ^ Rikpu Shobo Jaguar Bucks: Kyosuke Kitani, "Hell Encyclopedia" published in 1976 (out of print)
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